Archive - March 2013

1
Kukra River beneficiaries and its economic situation
2
Water, Water Everywhere, Only if We Share
3
Malnutrition affects also Bluefields
4
Chinese exports of major weapons rose by 162% between 2003–2007 and 2008–2012
5
Researchers are adopting an evolutionary approach to understanding human and animal cognition
6
Women, there is still a lot to do
7
How Nutrition Without Borders can solve the malnutrition problem?
8
Worldcoo is part of the VI Meeting of Autonomous Regions and Development Cooperation
9
Fundació Campaner’s work in Diffa
10
A group of chimpanzees released on Tchindzoulou Island

Kukra River beneficiaries and its economic situation

The social and economic situation of Processing cocoa in the rural communities of Kukra River project beneficiaries is very precarious and in some cases, of extreme poverty.

According to surveys conducted this August by Desos NGO, the monthly income of a family is $ 213. Considering that the average living persons in the home is 8, each person is living on $ 26.71 monthly, which is less than a dollar a day, and therefore below the extreme poverty threshold ( $1,25 a day according to World Bank).

With 37% of families into debt, their income does not cover the basic expenses of food, health, housing and education. The producers of these areas also lack of training, 32% have had no schooling, and 55% have only basic education, and access to resources to succeed and produce a turnaround. Thus, families remain self-sufficiency but are not able to change towards a productive economy to develop economically and socially.

Although sales of cocoa produce some benefits, the rate of return is very low because they are not able to produce the products either in quantity or quality, and access to the domestic market is nonexistent due to their isolation and high transportation costs.

Cooperatives are the nexus of all producers and, at the same time, the institution that can induce change in the economy from subsistence to production through commercialitzation on local, national and international markets the local production. A production in greater quantity and higher quality. Also, cooperatives can provide inputs and technical advice to its partners to improve land management, environment and training of its members. Plans studied demonstrate the potential viability of cooperatives in this regard, allowing locals to empower, pay the debts and produce a turnaround.

Water, Water Everywhere, Only if We Share

The World Water Day, since 1993 observed every year on 22 March, has grown in awarness aided in recent years by social media. This year is the landmark 20th anniversary of its formation, and UN Water are determined to make it the biggest and most widely disseminated yet, with no fewer than 450 events taking place on every continent today. This year official festivities are taking place in The Hague, Netherlands. This year oficial slogan is:“Water, Water Everywhere, Only if We Share” yet, this blog post title.

Obviously there has been progress, but we don’t see World Water Day is a day to celebrate. It’s more a day that forces us to think about much more we need to do. Lets see some data then:

– The resource is wide, but not avalaible. The 97% of water reserves are in sea water. Other 2% is frozen in the poles. So we have to deal with the remaining 1%.

13% of world population has no access to clean drinking water.

– Some 2.5 billion people have no sanitation facilities, with open defecation elevating the risk of disease and groundwater contamination.

– Access to latrines changed little between 1990 and 2010 in sub-Saharan Africa and only marginally in South Asia, the world’s poorest regions.

Of the 800 million living in water poverty, 40% are in sub-Saharan Africa.

– Across sub-Saharan Africa, 61% of people have a ready access to water but only 30% have latrines, the lowest rates in the world.

– In 2010 UN approved resolution 64/292 which recognizes human rights to water and sanitation.

– We already reached MDG 7c “Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation“, but we will miss MGG 7d “Achieve, by 2020, a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers“.

– According to WHO humans need about 7 to 15L/person daily to fully ensure health and sanitation. In developing countries we are using about 100L daily per person.

– UNDP states that the price of water sholdn’t be higher than 3% total house income.

But the main challenge that water faces is the world population increase. To discover more you can see this video.

Have a nice water day!

Malnutrition affects also Bluefields

Bluefields and its communities are experimenting an increase of malnutrition among childs under 12, as it publishes El Periódico de Nicaragua in this article.

In order to know the nutritional status of children under 12 in the city of Bluefields and the communities of Kukra River, Punta Gorda and Rama Cay, the Spanish NGO Icnelia in coordination with the Nicaraguan Ministry of Health conducted, since 2010, a descriptive study of 3.187 childs, which represent about the 20% of the census.

The study reveals that 20.23% of children under 12 in the city of Bluefields and its communities have some degree of nutritional deficit, which is twice what the World Health Organization (WHO) found in 2005 in the same area.

Also the World Food Programme for the South Atlantic Autonomous Region found an increase of 13.03% in the level of child malnutrition compared with the 2005 results.

Helping this communities in its empowerment, is the best way to ensure a good nutrition to childs. A good example of this usefull help is the Processing cocoa in the rural communities of Kukra River project from Desos NGO.

Let’s make a real change in Bluefields.

Are you in?

Chinese exports of major weapons rose by 162% between 2003–2007 and 2008–2012

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), says in its today data pre-launch ,“China replaces UK as world’s fifth largest arms exporter.”

This is the first time since the end of the cold war, that China joins the deplorable “top 5 arms exporter” index.

According to the article the five largest suppliers of major conventional weapons during the five-year period 2008–12 were the United States (30 per cent of global arms exports), Russia (26 per cent), Germany (7 per cent), France (6 per cent) and China (5 per cent).

What is most disappointing about this data is that, even in a crisis context, the overall volume of international transfers of major conventional weapons grew by 17 per cent between 2003–2007 and 2008–12.

Next June, SIPRI will be publishing the 2013 Yearbook including cutting-edge information and analysis on the state of the world’s nuclear forces, the international peacekeeping agenda and steps to control weapons of mass destruction.

Stay tuned!

Disclosure: Worldcoo ethical code don’t allow armament companies to join the community. If you want to know further about our ethical code feel free to drop us a line.

Researchers are adopting an evolutionary approach to understanding human and animal cognition

Nowadays we all agree that chimps, cats, parrots, dolphins, and dogs have surprisingly smart and emotionally rich minds, but it’s not always been this way.

Virginia Morell’s last post in Slate.com explains how the human understanding about animals cognition shifted to a Darwinian approach. As she coments:

“Darwin argued that animals and humans differ in their mental abilities only in degree, not kind. He was certain that animals would share some of our talents for reason, memory, and language, and would even possess an aesthetic sense. Because all of these talents are tied to our biology, Darwin said that they had not appeared out of nowhere; that they are just as much the products of evolution by natural selection as are our bipedal stance and large brain.”

In the article she summarizes the approach shift into: “Scientists no longer ask, Do animals think? Instead, they want to know, How do animals think?

To go deeper into the matter check the latest Virginia Morell book: Animal Wise or start with the amazing The Descent Of Man from Charles Darwin.

Women, there is still a lot to do

Today is the International Women’s Day. It’s marked on 8th of March every year, and it was originally called International Working Women’s Day.

The first Women’s Day was observed on 28 February 1909 in the United States, following a declaration by the Socialist Party of America. In 2010 an International Women’s conference was organized in Copenhagen inspired by the American Socialists. Different socialists, commanded by Luise Zietz, proposed the establishment of an annual ‘International Woman’s Day’ (in singular). Delegates (100 women from 17 countries) agreed with the idea as a strategy to promote equal rights, including suffrage, for women. The following year, on 18 March 1911, IWD was marked for the first time, by over a million people in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. In the Austro-Hungarian Empire alone, there were 300 demonstrations where women demanded the right to vote and protested against employment sex discrimination.

In the following years, this commemoration was expanded to Russia and the URSS, and finally to China. In 1977, the United Nations General Assembly invited member states to proclaim March 8 as the UN Day for women’s rights and world Peace.

Nowadays, women constitute half the world’s population. Also they do two-thirds of the work done in the world. They win 10% of the total salary and only have 1% of the world’s property. According to the United Nations, up to 50% of sexual assaults are committed against girls under the age of 16; 603 million women live in countries where domestic violence is not yet considered a crime; up to 70% of women in the world report having experienced physical and/or sexual violence at some point in their lifetime; over 60 million girls worldwide are child brides, married before the age of 18,… And we could not stop.

The Guardian made today a data map that shows the long history of the fight for suffrage and political feminist representation around the globe. Surfing in it you can realise how have women’s political rights changed around the globe to get to this International Women’s Day:

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/datablog/interactive/2013/mar/08/interna…

Don’t miss it!

How Nutrition Without Borders can solve the malnutrition problem?

600 mothers and 800 children under 5 years are the direct beneficiaries of the “Improving the community gardens of the Upper River Region, Gambia Republic” project. The aim of it, is to increase food security for the mothers and children through training and improving the infrastructure of the selected community gardens of the Upper River Region, in the Republic of Gambia.

Malnutrition is an “entrenched problem” in some countries from Sub-Saharan Africa, and Gambia is not an exception. In the Upper River Region there are 206.588 inhabitants and 22% of child malnutrition. Nutrition Without Borders has found the way of solving it, through training and improving infrastructures to make people, especially mothers, aware of the big problem they and their children have.

But, what exactly they will do to make it possible?

The NGO Nutrition Without Borders will do with your contribution the following activities:

1 Workshop to train Community Rural Agents in farming and irrigation techniques to improve the performance of community gardens.
16 Workshops of the Community Rural Agents to mothers of the four community gardens in selected farming techniques, irrigation techniques, food preservation, etc.
Construction of 4 bantabas (traditional buildings), one in each community garden, to shelter from the strong sunshine, designed to: facilitate breastfeeding and feeding of infants and children, ensure the storage of utensils and tools, as used as training room, meeting and rest.
Provide non-hybrid seeds (genetically engineered seeds that can be replanted) in order to support the promotion of sustainable crops with high nutritional content especially vitamin A and iron.
Provide tools and implements necessary for mothers to facilitate working in community gardens.
Provide the necessary building materials for filling of wells and thus ensure the supply of water to crops and to repair the perimeter fence of community gardens to prevent access to livestock not held.
Supply of four hand pumps, one for garden, to provide mothers water extraction wells.
Supply of organic fertilizer to communities to improve substrate conditions.
Provide necessary protection products for pest prevention at the four community gardens.
Implement the project of the seeds bank to preserve native species in the area.

There is a lot of work to do, and there is not too much time. The whole aim is to help accomplish one of the main Human Rights, the right of having access to a healthy diet. Without it, the population can’t grow in good conditions: children do not develop in the right way and they are more exposed to illnesses.

Help Nutrition Without Borders and fund a real change in Gambia.

Worldcoo is part of the VI Meeting of Autonomous Regions and Development Cooperation

This Tuesday, Sergi Figueres did a speech in the “Millennium Development Goals and Decentralized Cooperation”, in the VI Meeting of Autonomous Regions and Development Cooperation. It has been held in the Palau Centelles on Monday 4th and Tuesday 5th of March.

The “Millennium Development Goals and Decentralized Cooperation” promotes the global challenge of changing the cities in which we live and the way we use our resources. This vision encompasses solutions in the fields of energy, technology, mobility, urban planning, the environment, geospace and management for developing more efficient and sustainable cities.

On Tuesday 5th of March, Sergi Figueres, talked 15 minutes about Development Cooperation and how Worldcoo can improve it, in front of an audience about 40 people.

This IV Meeting of Autonomous Regions and Development Cooperation has represented an encounter of the 17th Directors of the Development Cooperation agencies from the different Spanish Autonomous Regions, which has become a discussion on cooperation and about how politics can manage it, now that investments have dropped enormously.

Moreover, Sergi Figueres will be in the VII Regional Youth Conference, organized by the Consell Comarcal del Baix Llobregat, held in Molins de Rei on Wednesday 6th of March. There, Figueres will do a speech about entrepreneurship and Worldcoo.

Fundació Campaner’s work in Diffa

In 2006 Fundació Campaner built a school in Diffa, to ensure free schooling for the most unprivileged children in the region. Also, they have a local shelter, as well as other projects.

Since 2006, the most unprivileged children in Diffa can go to school thanks to Fundació Campaner NGO. Nowadays this school has 540 children who are in Primary School. Education is free for all of them, and also the scholar material they need is given by the NGO. The school has ten classrooms, latrines and a playground where children can play. It employs ten teachers hired by the Fundació, all native of the area.

Fundació Campaner NGO also has other projects there. In 2004, they restructured a shelter in Diffa which takes in child’s with Noma affection and orphan child’s. Now, about 30 children are live in the shelter, amount that has been changing over the years.

The house has two main rooms for children, bathrooms, living room, kitchen and a garden. Eleven people are now working there, all native of the area. They are responsible for maintaining both: the home, and children’s welfare and education. Every people who work for the Fundació Campaner NGO has about 15 indirect people who live from their salary.

A group of chimpanzees released on Tchindzoulou Island

It’s been 20 years since the Tchimpounga Chimpanzee Rehabilitation Center (TCRC) opened in the Republic of Congo. Dr. Jane Goodall founded the sanctuary to provide care and hope to the chimpanzee victims of the illegal commercial bush meat and pet trades. Today, many of the chimpanzee residents are adults who need to explore and expand their horizons beyond the boundaries of the existing facility. Recognizing this need, the Jane Goodall Institute (JGI) put a great deal of effort into creating a more natural environment for the Tchimpounga chimpanzees.

On September 20, 2012, after years of hard work and preparation, two female chimpanzees, Kudia and Vitika, were transferred from TCRC to JGI’s newly expanded sanctuary site on Tchindzoulou Island in the nearby Kouilou River. This wild place, composed of hundreds of hectares of tropical forest surrounded by river water, will be their new home.

A group of caregivers and veterinarians were in charge of bringing the chimpanzees to their new emplacement and all worked in the right way. It was the first time a group of chimpanzees released on Tchindzoulou Island.

Jane Goodall Institute publishes the amazing story about this trip.

For many years, the idea of transferring Tchimpounga’s chimps to a more natural environment has been a hope of everyone at JGI. Now, it has finally become a reality.

Source: Jane Goodall Institute

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