- In only 16 countries are the levels of human development of women equal to or superior to those of men, according to the new Gender Development Index, 2014.
- Despite this slight improvement, overall, the Human Development Index is still 8% lower for women
The latest Human Development Report in 2014, was published by the United Nations Program for Development (UNDP) and calculated for the first time, the level of human development distinguished between men and women in 148 countries by presenting the content for Gender Inequality.
Overall, it shows a slight decrease in the inequality of women. However, despite improvements in the field of health and a gradual increase in education and parliamentary representation, empowerment of women continues to lag. Thus, the United States, took a surprising 47 in the ranking of gender inequality. For example, women in the United States occupy only 18% of parliamentary seats, compared to 38% in the Netherlands and 45% in Sweden.
The 16 countries with greater gender equality are:
Argentina, Barbados, Belarus, Slovakia, Slovenia, Estonia, Russia, Finland, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Poland, Sweden, Ukraine and Uruguay are the 16 countries where the HDI values for women are equal to or higher than those of men. In some of these countries, this is attributed to higher educational attainment of women; in others, life expectancy in women is higher (at least more than five years). Slovenia holds the best position, while Yemen has the most unequal percentage in relation to gender.
Income inequality is increasing
Overall, the Gender Development Index for women is 8 percent lower than that of men, and the disparity of gross national income per capita is still very high: at a global level, men earn more than twice that of women.
The income inequality has increased in several regions, also among the countries with high human development. Latin America and the Caribbean remain the highest points in the world in terms of income inequality. The IDHD, which was calculated throughout 145 countries, shows that the lowest levels of inequality were found in Norway, Finland and the Czech Republic.
The Human Development Index
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a complex measure to compare countries in terms of international parity in health, education and income. This was introduced in the first Human Development Report of 1990 as a measure of development put into doubt purely economic assessments of national progress. HDI Report 2014 covers 187 countries and territories. Last year, the HDI could not be calculated for the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, the Marshall Islands, Monaco, Nauru, San Marino , Somalia, South Sudan and Tuval.
Despite the global achievements in terms of human development in all regions of the growth rate, the HDI was lower in the period between 2008 and 2013, compared with the years 2000-2008, according to the same report. By country, the steepest declines in the values of the HDI this year occurred in the Central African Republic, Libya and Syria, where ongoing conflicts led to a reduction in income.
Entitled Holding Human Progress: Reduce vulnerabilities and build resilience, the report provides a new perspective on vulnerability and proposes new ways to foster resilience. “Addressing vulnerabilities will allow everybody to participate in the progress of development, thereby ensuring that human development is becoming more equal and sustainable,” Helen Clark, a UNDP Administrator said. The report urges governments to recommit themselves to the goal of full employment. In this sense, she argues that full employment produces social dividends that go far beyond the individual benefits by promoting stability and social cohesion.
1,500 million people, from 91 developing countries, live in a situation of multidimensional poverty
According to research 1,200 million people live on $ 1.25 a day or less. However, the latest estimates from the Multidimensional Poverty Index UNDP reveal that nearly 1,500 million people in 91 developing countries, live in a situation of multidimensional poverty, with concurring deficits in health, education and living standards. Although overall poverty is declining, nearly 800 million people are at risk of falling back into it because of a crisis or adversity.
The UNDP and other like-minded charities and Worldcoo have a considerable task ahead of them to reduce this gap and work for the Human Development itself.
ABOUT THIS REPORT:
The Human Development Report is an independent publisher publication of the United Nations Program for Development. Here you can download the Human Development Report 2014 for free, along with reference materials on its indices.
UNDP forges partnerships with all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis; promotes and supports the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for all.