The social and economic situation of Processing cocoa in the rural communities of Kukra River project beneficiaries is very precarious and in some cases, of extreme poverty.
According to surveys conducted this August by Desos NGO, the monthly income of a family is $ 213. Considering that the average living persons in the home is 8, each person is living on $ 26.71 monthly, which is less than a dollar a day, and therefore below the extreme poverty threshold ( $1,25 a day according to World Bank).
With 37% of families into debt, their income does not cover the basic expenses of food, health, housing and education. The producers of these areas also lack of training, 32% have had no schooling, and 55% have only basic education, and access to resources to succeed and produce a turnaround. Thus, families remain self-sufficiency but are not able to change towards a productive economy to develop economically and socially.
Although sales of cocoa produce some benefits, the rate of return is very low because they are not able to produce the products either in quantity or quality, and access to the domestic market is nonexistent due to their isolation and high transportation costs.
Cooperatives are the nexus of all producers and, at the same time, the institution that can induce change in the economy from subsistence to production through commercialitzation on local, national and international markets the local production. A production in greater quantity and higher quality. Also, cooperatives can provide inputs and technical advice to its partners to improve land management, environment and training of its members. Plans studied demonstrate the potential viability of cooperatives in this regard, allowing locals to empower, pay the debts and produce a turnaround.