What is happening in the world? What problems are facing our society and our planet? These are the social challenges which we, and also businesses, will have to face this year:
1. Hunger. According to a recent report published by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, “The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015”, in 2015 there were 705 million people in the world that were living without access to the necessary alimentation in order to lead a healthy life. This means that 10.9% of the world’s population is currently living in hunger.
The major inequality which can be seen in the figures concerning hunger in different country, is perhaps, the most alarming: in Haiti, 53.4% of the population is malnourished, whereas 47.8% in Zambia and 47.7% in the Central African Republic, and of course, amongst those people, children. These are ultimately statistics which we have to fight against from all the entities which form part of our society.
2.Pollution. Illnesses caused by air pollution already produce around 7,000 deaths per year in our country. In 2015, The World Health Organisation (WHO) claimed that 95% of the Spanish population was breathing air which contained more than the recommended amount of pollution, a pollution which is cause mainly by traffic in the big cities and their corresponding metropolitan areas, but also cause by industrial activities.
To put a stop to emissions is everybody’s responsibility and it is a question of life or death for many people. Now, nobody can remain on the side-lines in the fight against pollution.
3.Inequality. The gap between the rich and the poor is a global problem which affects every country in this world. In 2015, 1% of the world’s population had as much wealth as the poorest 80%. Our country is not an exception to this situation, and actually, according to the report “An economy for the 1%”, Spain is positioned as the country with the second highest level of inequality in the world, only behind Cyprus.
The recent years have brought an alarming amount of poverty and exclusion in our country, with the rate of the people in risk of exclusion raising to the figure of 13.4 million people in 2014, which makes up 29.2% of the Spanish population.
Fighting against poverty and building more equal cities and countries is everyone’s responsibility.
4. The refugee crisis. In 2015, according to annual report from The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), the number of displaced people from their country equalled the populations of Spain, Portugal and Australia put together, more than 65 million people left their homes and 21.3 million of them were refugees fleeing from war and persecution.
More than half of the refugees were minors less than 18 years old, and 98,400 of them were children who were fleeing alone or separated from their families. Poverty also hits these people who have had to leave everything behind. The responsibility to search and find a solution for this situation is shared between everybody.