The World Water Day, since 1993 observed every year on 22 March, has grown in awarness aided in recent years by social media. This year is the landmark 20th anniversary of its formation, and UN Water are determined to make it the biggest and most widely disseminated yet, with no fewer than 450 events taking place on every continent today. This year official festivities are taking place in The Hague, Netherlands. This year oficial slogan is:“Water, Water Everywhere, Only if We Share” yet, this blog post title.
Obviously there has been progress, but we don’t see World Water Day is a day to celebrate. It’s more a day that forces us to think about much more we need to do. Lets see some data then:
– The resource is wide, but not avalaible. The 97% of water reserves are in sea water. Other 2% is frozen in the poles. So we have to deal with the remaining 1%.
– 13% of world population has no access to clean drinking water.
– Some 2.5 billion people have no sanitation facilities, with open defecation elevating the risk of disease and groundwater contamination.
– Access to latrines changed little between 1990 and 2010 in sub-Saharan Africa and only marginally in South Asia, the world’s poorest regions.
– Of the 800 million living in water poverty, 40% are in sub-Saharan Africa.
– Across sub-Saharan Africa, 61% of people have a ready access to water but only 30% have latrines, the lowest rates in the world.
– In 2010 UN approved resolution 64/292 which recognizes human rights to water and sanitation.
– We already reached MDG 7c “Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation“, but we will miss MGG 7d “Achieve, by 2020, a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers“.
– According to WHO humans need about 7 to 15L/person daily to fully ensure health and sanitation. In developing countries we are using about 100L daily per person.
– UNDP states that the price of water sholdn’t be higher than 3% total house income.
But the main challenge that water faces is the world population increase. To discover more you can see this video.
Have a nice water day!