Tag - Ethiopia

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Overcoming child malnutrition in Ethiopia
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Ethiopia: A battle for land and water
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Ethiopia has suffered a series of famines in recent decades
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The UNICEF’s promise is renewed
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Governance matters most in sustainable economic development. Ethiopia is doing well
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What Intermon Oxfam is really doing with my donation?
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Ethiopia: one of the richest countries in water reserves, still has lots of people without drinking water access

Overcoming child malnutrition in Ethiopia

ningun_nino_sin_comida-1

Obra Social la Caixa and the Food Banks have finished “No child without a milk moustache” campaign to bring milk to all households, especially those who have special needs.

Promofarma has been one of the companies who have made it possible. Thanks to its efforts, 76 kids who are at risk of exclusion and their families will have access to milk, and cover their daily needs – of calcium, vitamins, protein and phosphorus.

Now, #Ningún niño sin comida (“#no child without food) is the new challenge for Promofarma users and it’s aimed to help refugees kids in Ethiopia, the African country that more refugees receive, to be well nourished.

Did you know that rates of underweight in children under 5 years throughout the country are at 28% and severe malnutrition rates exceed 44% for children of that age?

The campaign, impulsed by UNHCR (The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees), wants to improve the nutritional status of 11.323 Sudanese-Southsudanese refugee children under 5 years and residents in 4 refugee camps of Ethiopia, and stabilize its morbidity index.

With 4.000 €, 720 infants younger than 6 months will be treated against chronic malnutrition with the distribution of nutritional milk in therapeutic feeding centers located in refugee camps.

If you want to know how the project proceed, you can do it in this LINK.

Worldcoo Team.

 

 

Ethiopia: A battle for land and water

The Aunak people of the Gambela region are affected by government decisions. Since 1980s theEthiopian government carries out a program called Villagization. Last year, according to the government, the Anuak people would be relocated to areas with better access to clean water, health and education and with the promise that they would find plenty of corn and other food in the new place where they were moving. But, the Anuaks say, they were forced to move under false pretenses.

The Anuaks are going through a complex battle over landownership and water rights between farmers, the government, and foreign investors. It’s a battle that is being fought in many African countries.

The Ethiopian government officially owns title to all the land there, but farmers have the right to use it. The government calls this land abandoned because it’s so sparsely populated. But Anuaks need it, some for grazing, some to lay fallow, and because it’s the best farmland in the country.

Over the next two years, 1.5 million people in four regions of Ethiopia will be relocated. The government insists that the Villagization program is voluntary. But Human Rights Watch ensures Anuaks are being forced to move so that the government can lease the land to investors. The rights group recently documented cases of violence and arbitrary arrest.

Water is the driving force behind many agricultural deals on the African continent. To attract investors to this area of the Nile River Basin, the Ethiopian government puts few, if any restrictions, on water usage in its contracts with foreign companies. The Anuaks say they are not seeing the benefits of the country’s investment strategy, they believe that the only beneficiaries are the companies and government, while the Anuak people have been moved to drier areas where farming is more difficult.

According to Human Rights Watch, many of the relocated communities could face endemic hunger as early as next year.

Unfortunately, this kind of problems happen not only in Ethiopia, in fact, they are becoming common in the African continent.

The Worldcoo Team.

Ethiopia has suffered a series of famines in recent decades

Ethiopia is one of Africa’s poorest states, although it has experienced rapid economic growth since the end of the civil war (1974 – 1991). It represents one of fastest growing non-oil economies in Africa. Ethiopia depends heavily on agriculture, which is often affected by drought. It is one of Africa’s leading coffee producers, which becomes a key export. Almost two-thirds of its people are illiterate.

Ethiopia is Africa’s oldest independent country and it is second largest in terms of population. Apart from a five-year occupation by Mussolini’s Italy, it has never been colonised.

It has a unique cultural heritage, being the home of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and a monarchy that ended only in the coup of 1974.

It served as a symbol of African independence throughout the colonial period, and was a founder member of the United Nations and the African base for many international organizations.

Ethiopia has suffered periodic droughts and famines that lead to a long civil conflict in the 20th Century and a border war with Eritrea, a country that become independent from Ethiopia in 1993, following a referendum. Poor border demarcation from these both countries developed into military conflict and full-scale war in the late 1990s in which tens of thousands of people were killed.

Many Ethiopians depend on food aid from abroad. In 2004 the government began a drive to move more than two million people away from the arid highlands of the east in an attempt to provide a lasting solution to food shortages.

Source: BBC.

The UNICEF’s promise is renewed

UNICEF has already published its annual report about the child survival in the World. They have named it “Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed”, because, as Anthony Lake, its executive director writes, “there is much to celebrate”, but still help is needed. This is why their promise to help the children all over the world has been renewed.

More children now survive their fifth birthday than ever before ― the global number of under-five deaths has fallen from around 12 million in 1990 to an estimated 6.9 million in 2011 (according to UNICEF). All regions have shown steady reductions in under-five mortality over the past two decades. In the last decade alone, progress on reducing child deaths has accelerated, with the annual rate of decline in the global under-five mortality rate rising from 1.8% in 1990-2000 to 3.2% in 2000-2011.

The gains have been broad, with marked falls in diverse countries. Between 1990 and 2011, nine low-income countries — Bangladesh, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Nepal, Niger and Rwanda — reduced their under-five mortality rate by 60% or more.

But any satisfaction at these gains is tempered by the unfinished business that remains. The fact remains that, on average, around 19,000 children still die every day from largely preventable causes. With necessary vaccines, adequate nutrition and basic medical and maternal care, most of these young lives could be saved.

As the message of this UNICEF report makes clear, countries can achieve rapid declines in child mortality, with determined action by governments and supportive partners. Their progress over the last two decades has taught UNICEF that sound strategies, adequate resources and, above all, political will, can make a critical difference to the lives of millions of young children.

This report concludes that “the unfinished business of child survival remains substantial, but extraordinary progress is possible in reducing under-five deaths in all regions and mortality settings. Many countries have managed to sustain high rates of reduction over more than two decades; indeed, more than half have already reached low-mortality status”.

Source: UNICEF.

Governance matters most in sustainable economic development. Ethiopia is doing well

Douglas Beal of the Boston Consulting Group and Andy Ratcliffe of the Africa Governance Initiative, share lessons in The Guardian on how developing countries are turning wealth into wellbeing for their citizens. This video talk about it, and share different examples to understand the reality of this countries and what are they politics respect the sustainable economic development.

Beal defend that there are things that can be done to improve the wellbeing of population which doesn’t required money, “it’s all related in making the right decisions”. He uses Ethiopia as an example of a government that is doing it in the right way. “Ethiopia is actually one of the countries that are the strongest in translating the improvements in their wealth into improvements in wellbeing”, Beal says. “One of the things they have really improved is healthcare and also outcomes of healthcare”. They did it focusing the improvement on what they were wrong: “rather than being reactionary to a particular disease is about getting into the communities, hider communities healthier workers to go out, explain that access to clean water can prevent diseases, uses of condoms,… and all other things that can prevent the need for greater healthcare in the future”, explains.

In their opinion, Ethiopia is very successful at doing that. It has changed in recent years and its evolution is well, but they still have lots of problems to solve. This is why the work done by NGO’s like Intermon Oxfam in there is still needed.

Source: The Guardian.

What Intermon Oxfam is really doing with my donation?

Intermon Oxfam says that their objective in this project is “to improve the health status of 4.703 people in Yegobecha, by providing safe water access and the improvement of their hygiene habits”. But how is it possible? What they need to reach their aim?
The construction for the water prevision consists in different masonry structures to ensure clean water access within 20 minutes walking distance, and a minimum quantity of 15 litres per person and day. This masonry structures they want to build will be 9 water points where communities can go to get water; 9 anchor blocks to protect the pipeline system in steep terrains; 9 valve chambers to measure used water; and 8 km of trenches and water canalization.
Although, the project Intermon Oxfam is presenting in Worldcoo is the continuation of a different parts project, so there are things already constructed. This water supply system is an extension of a pipeline system financed by the Catalan Agency for Development Cooperation (ACCD).
Also, this project, promotes basic hygiene and sanitation habits for disease prevention, and trains the community on management for sanitation and hygiene issues.

Ethiopia: one of the richest countries in water reserves, still has lots of people without drinking water access

Yegobecha is situated in the North of Ethiopia, in the Southern Nation Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP) Region. This is a very poor region in a very poor country which only the 38 % of a more than 90M population has access to drinking water. This is one of the main problems in Ethiopia, although it is a country rich in water reserves (86% of the Nile River’s flow is originated in Ethiopia and there are abundant underground water basins). The problem is the lack of material, financial and human resources to construct infrastructures allowing water extraction from subsoil and, thus, making it available to the entire population.

Families in Yegobecha have an average number of 6 children and live from subsistence agriculture. Many men must migrate to other areas in search of extra work, as they don’t get enough income from work in land to buy basic goods. In this cases mothers take on the role of family chief, with 6 children in charge, besides doing household tasks, getting water and working the land. This supposes an overload of work which has different consequences, including that they are forced to take their children out of school to help with household tasks.

Also, 50% of the population lives within 10 km away from any basic services centre (health centres and schools). This means 2 hours by walking, as they do not have any other transportation facilities.

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