Tag - History

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Women, there is still a lot to do
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Ethiopia has suffered a series of famines in recent decades

Women, there is still a lot to do

Today is the International Women’s Day. It’s marked on 8th of March every year, and it was originally called International Working Women’s Day.

The first Women’s Day was observed on 28 February 1909 in the United States, following a declaration by the Socialist Party of America. In 2010 an International Women’s conference was organized in Copenhagen inspired by the American Socialists. Different socialists, commanded by Luise Zietz, proposed the establishment of an annual ‘International Woman’s Day’ (in singular). Delegates (100 women from 17 countries) agreed with the idea as a strategy to promote equal rights, including suffrage, for women. The following year, on 18 March 1911, IWD was marked for the first time, by over a million people in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. In the Austro-Hungarian Empire alone, there were 300 demonstrations where women demanded the right to vote and protested against employment sex discrimination.

In the following years, this commemoration was expanded to Russia and the URSS, and finally to China. In 1977, the United Nations General Assembly invited member states to proclaim March 8 as the UN Day for women’s rights and world Peace.

Nowadays, women constitute half the world’s population. Also they do two-thirds of the work done in the world. They win 10% of the total salary and only have 1% of the world’s property. According to the United Nations, up to 50% of sexual assaults are committed against girls under the age of 16; 603 million women live in countries where domestic violence is not yet considered a crime; up to 70% of women in the world report having experienced physical and/or sexual violence at some point in their lifetime; over 60 million girls worldwide are child brides, married before the age of 18,… And we could not stop.

The Guardian made today a data map that shows the long history of the fight for suffrage and political feminist representation around the globe. Surfing in it you can realise how have women’s political rights changed around the globe to get to this International Women’s Day:

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/datablog/interactive/2013/mar/08/interna…

Don’t miss it!

Ethiopia has suffered a series of famines in recent decades

Ethiopia is one of Africa’s poorest states, although it has experienced rapid economic growth since the end of the civil war (1974 – 1991). It represents one of fastest growing non-oil economies in Africa. Ethiopia depends heavily on agriculture, which is often affected by drought. It is one of Africa’s leading coffee producers, which becomes a key export. Almost two-thirds of its people are illiterate.

Ethiopia is Africa’s oldest independent country and it is second largest in terms of population. Apart from a five-year occupation by Mussolini’s Italy, it has never been colonised.

It has a unique cultural heritage, being the home of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and a monarchy that ended only in the coup of 1974.

It served as a symbol of African independence throughout the colonial period, and was a founder member of the United Nations and the African base for many international organizations.

Ethiopia has suffered periodic droughts and famines that lead to a long civil conflict in the 20th Century and a border war with Eritrea, a country that become independent from Ethiopia in 1993, following a referendum. Poor border demarcation from these both countries developed into military conflict and full-scale war in the late 1990s in which tens of thousands of people were killed.

Many Ethiopians depend on food aid from abroad. In 2004 the government began a drive to move more than two million people away from the arid highlands of the east in an attempt to provide a lasting solution to food shortages.

Source: BBC.

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