Today is the International Women’s Day. It’s marked on 8th of March every year, and it was originally called International Working Women’s Day.
The first Women’s Day was observed on 28 February 1909 in the United States, following a declaration by the Socialist Party of America. In 2010 an International Women’s conference was organized in Copenhagen inspired by the American Socialists. Different socialists, commanded by Luise Zietz, proposed the establishment of an annual ‘International Woman’s Day’ (in singular). Delegates (100 women from 17 countries) agreed with the idea as a strategy to promote equal rights, including suffrage, for women. The following year, on 18 March 1911, IWD was marked for the first time, by over a million people in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. In the Austro-Hungarian Empire alone, there were 300 demonstrations where women demanded the right to vote and protested against employment sex discrimination.
In the following years, this commemoration was expanded to Russia and the URSS, and finally to China. In 1977, the United Nations General Assembly invited member states to proclaim March 8 as the UN Day for women’s rights and world Peace.
Nowadays, women constitute half the world’s population. Also they do two-thirds of the work done in the world. They win 10% of the total salary and only have 1% of the world’s property. According to the United Nations, up to 50% of sexual assaults are committed against girls under the age of 16; 603 million women live in countries where domestic violence is not yet considered a crime; up to 70% of women in the world report having experienced physical and/or sexual violence at some point in their lifetime; over 60 million girls worldwide are child brides, married before the age of 18,… And we could not stop.
The Guardian made today a data map that shows the long history of the fight for suffrage and political feminist representation around the globe. Surfing in it you can realise how have women’s political rights changed around the globe to get to this International Women’s Day:
Don’t miss it!