Diffa is a region situated in the southeast extreme of Niger. Its capital it’s also called Diffa and it’s near the country’s border with Nigeria. In 2010, the region had a population of 473,563 people, 51 % of men; in a country where the same year the population was more than 15 million people.
Niger is a relatively young country, the average age in 2011 was 15 years. This is due to the fact there is a significant number of children per woman in the country, 7.1. The mortality rate is no one of the highest in sub-Saharan Africa, as life expectancy for both men and women is around 60 years.
The economy of Niger, and also Diffa’s Region, is primarily agricultural, based upon pastoralism and farming. The major crop, grown both for subsistence and sale, is Millet, especially drought tolerant varieties.